Connect with us

Geleneksel Tıp: Tüm Zamanların En İyisi

Featured

Geleneksel Tıp: Tüm Zamanların En İyisi

Geleneksel Tıp: Tüm Zamanların En İyisi

Kanıta Dayalı Geleneksel Tıp – Yazı Dizisi 1

Kanıta Dayalı Geleneksel Tıbbın Tanım ve Teorisi:

ebtmKanıta Dayalı Geleneksel Tıp teşhis, tedavi, bakım, rehabilitasyon ve sağlığı korumak için başvurulacak geleneksel tıp yöntemlerinin araştırılması ve bu yöntemlerden kanıtlanmış olanların öncelikli olarak kullanılmasıdır.

Dünya Sağlık Örgütü (DSÖ), 2008 yılında tüm dünya ülkelerini geleneksel tıbbın geniş imkânlarından ve bilgi hazinesinden faydalanmaya çağırdı. [i] Günümüzde 140’dan fazla ülke DSÖ’nün çağrısına cevap vererek Geleneksel Tıp alanında yasal düzenlemede bulunduğunu bildirdi [ii]. Türkiye’de de Geleneksel, Tamamlayıcı ve Alternatif Tıp çalışmaları 2011 Kasım ayında çıkan kanun hükmünde kararname ile yasalaştı; bu alanda NHI İstanbul Doğal Sağlık Enstitüsü’nün öncülüğünde birçok kurum bu bilimin ilerlemesi için çalışmalar

yürütmektedir.

Geleneksel Tıbbın Tarihi

Geleneksel Tıp, başlangıcı insanlık tarihi kadar eski, kadim bilgiler üzerine kurulu bütüncül bakış açısına sahip bir bilimdir.  Bu bilim

binlerce yıl boyunca filozof hekimler tarafından geliştirilmiştir. Yaklaşık 2500 yıl önce Anadolu topraklarında Hipokrat, hocası Alkmaion’dan öğrendiği Tabiat Felsefesini geliştirmiş, tıbbı felsefeden ayrı bir bilim olarak tanımlamıştır. Tüm geleneksel bilimlerin temelini teşkil eden Tabiat Teorisinin/Humoral Teorinin kurucusu Krotonlu Alkmaion’ın Lokman Hekim olduğu üzerinde durulmuştur. [iii]

Modern tıbbın kurucusu Hipokrat doğadaki tüm maddelerin ve insan vücudunun dört temel unsurdan/elementten oluştuğunu bildirir: Toprak, su, hava ve ateş.

Geleneksel Tıbbın Temelleri: Dört Element

Osmanlı Tıbbında Anasır-ı Erbaa olarak anılan dört temel unsur taşıdığı belirgin özellikler vardır. İnsan vücudunda bu özelliği taşıyan dört temel hılt (maddemsi sıvı) bulunur. Bunlar Sevda, Balgam, Kan ve Safradır.

Ancak bunlar bilinen anlamda vücut sıvılarına karşılık gelemez. Hıltlar daha çok 4 temel unsurun karakteristiği taşıyan maddemsilerdir. Örneğin Kan hava unsurunun özelliklerini taşımaktadır ve bu hıltın en iyi örnek kan sıvısıdır.

Hılt dengesi sağlık için büyük önem taşımaktadır. Geleneksel Tıp felsefesine göre sağlık, hıltların vücutta dengeli dağılımıdır. Bu denge bozulduğunda hastalık meydana gelir. Ancak bu dört hılt vücutta eşit oranda dağılmazlar. Her kişinin bedenindeki hılt dengesi kendine özeldir. Bu da insanların mizaçlarını belirleyen en önemli faktördür.

Hılt Nedir:  Temel Unsurların/elementin 4 niteliği vardır. Sıcaklık, kururluk, soğukluk ve nemlilik. İnsan bedeni 4 element ve 4 nitelikten meydana gelir. Her şey bu maddelerin belirli oranlardaki karışımıdır. Bedende bu fonksiyonları 4 hayati hılt (sıvı) taşır: Kan, safra, sevda, balgam. Besinlerin sindirilmesiyle karaciğerde safra, dalakta sevda, beyinde balgam toplanır ve kana karışarak tüm bedene dağılır.

Mizaç nedir: Hayati sıvıların (kan, safra, sevda, balgam) kişiye özel oranda karışarak meydana getirdiği tabiattır.

4 Temel Mizaç Tip vardır:

Demevi Mizaç: Bu kişilerde kan hıltı baskındır. Yüzleri pembe- beyaz hatta kırmızıdır. İdrar kırmızıdır. Bedenleri sıcak, hafif terleme mevcuttur. Ağız tatları tatlımsıdır, çıban ve sivilcelere yatkınlardır. Uykuları kolay gelir, esner ve gerinirler. Burunları kanamaya yatkındır.

Safravi Mizaç: Safra hıltı baskındır. Buğday tenli olurlar. Vücutları sıcak, nabızları hızlıdır. Ağız tatları acı ve susuzluk hissi fazladır. İştahları azdır. Uykusuzdurlar. Mideleri kolay bulanır.

Balgami Mizaç: Balgam hıltı baskındır. Beyaz ve renksiz tenli olurlar. Bedenleri soğuk, kasları gevşektir. Nabızları Haif atar. Susamazlar. Çok uyur ve tembel hareket ederler. Gayretsiz ve durgundurlar.

Sevdavi Mizaç: Sevda hıltı baskındır. Kanları kıvamlıdır. Bedenleri zayıftır, ciltleri kara sarıdır. Yüzlerinde parlaklık yoktur. İştahlıdırlar. Uykuları gelmez. Düşünceli ve kederli olurlar, karamsardırlar.

mizaç-tablosu

Geleneksel Tıp hekimi hıltları ve mizaçları çok iyi bilir. Hangi hıltın hangi organda ne oranda olması gerektiğini anlar ve müdahaleyi /tedaviyi buna göre şekillendirir. İnsan bedeninde olduğu gibi hayvan, bitki ve madende de aynı mizaç yapısı bulunur. Yani canlı ve cansız maddelerde mizaçtan bahsetmek mümkündür. Geleneksel tıp hekimi ilaçlarını seçerken bu noktalara dikkat eder. Örneğin safra hıltı fazla olan birine bu hıltı dengeleyecek mizaçta bir bitki önerir.  Aksi halde hıltın dengesizliği artıp hastalığı şiddetlendirebilir.

2. Bölümde: Geleneksel Tıp’ta Tedavinin Mantığı, Geleneksel Tıp Hekimi Nasıl Yetişir?, Hastane mi, Şifahane mi?

Kaynakça:

[i] WHO Pekin Deklerasyonu http://www.who.int/medicines/areas/traditional/TRM_BeijingDeclarationEN.pdf (08 Eylül 2012’de erişildi.)

[ii] National policy on traditional medicine and regulation of herbal medicines Report of a WHO global survey http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2005/9241593237_part1.pdf (07 Eylül 2012’de erişildi.)

[iii] Prof Dr Hüsrev Hatemi Lokman Alkmaeon mu,? Tıp Tarihi Araştırmaları, Arma Yayınları 1998

0 Users (0 votes)
What people say... Leave your rating
Sort by:

Be the first to leave a review.

User Avatar
Verified
{{{ review.rating_title }}}
{{{review.rating_comment | nl2br}}}

Show more
{{ pageNumber+1 }}
Leave your rating

Your browser does not support images upload. Please choose a modern one

Continue Reading
You may also like...
2 Comments

2 Comments

  1. omer

    22 Nisan, 2013 at 11:06 pm

    cok güzel bir yazı
    okumuyan bir topluma bunları nasıl ulaştırırız diye dertlenmek lazım galiba

  2. Merve erdem

    3 Mart, 2016 at 9:43 pm

    Tıp tarihi ve etikle ilgili yazılarınızı bekliyorum.

You must be logged in to post a comment Login

Leave a Reply

More in Featured

custom descriptive essay proofreading site gb custom creative essay writer service au esl custom essay ghostwriter website gb help with my government dissertation chapter esl problem solving ghostwriter site for phd pay for my medicine research proposal article review editing services usa gettysburg devils den ghost best dissertation chapter writing services uk cheap curriculum vitae proofreading for hire gb write my theater studies homework social deviance topics professional phd movie review popular business plan ghostwriters site for phd best creative essay editing service for masters best case study ghostwriters site for phd top dissertation abstract editing services for university custom papers ghostwriting for hire for university cheap blog post proofreading site usa popular creative writing ghostwriters service esl persuasive essay editing services gb best custom essay writing website for college pay to write health thesis why is rome important popular homework ghostwriting websites for mba professional biography writers site for masters custom college essay ghostwriters site for mba custom home work writer sites au sinners in the hands of an angry god annotated custom biography writing websites for university custom annotated bibliography ghostwriting websites usa top home work ghostwriter for hire au custom thesis statement editor website for mba help me write research paper online top university dissertation conclusion samples pay for my best expository essay best analysis essay writers sites for university admission paper help popular problem solving ghostwriting site for masters custom papers editor site for phd pay to write psychology content custom critical essay on donald trump help writing esl argumentative essay on brexit custom argumentative essay editing website ca esl term paper ghostwriting services for masters pay for earth science dissertation proposal best school essay ghostwriters for hire online type my esl papers online cheap speech writer site usa type my geology article cheap thesis statement writer services for phd esl article review editing for hire for mba custom creative writing ghostwriter services ca help me write algebra essays professional homework writer sites us esl university essay editor website uk custom movie review editor websites us best university thesis statement popular writers websites for college top dissertation introduction writer for hire us pay to write philosophy research proposal top thesis writing sites online cheap papers writer services for university cheap cv editor services for school esl personal statement ghostwriting service for mba esl scholarship essay proofreading sites for college esl speech writers services for phd cheap academic essay ghostwriter site for masters popular phd essay proofreading for hire us cheap personal essay writer services gb best college essay editor website for school best best essay writing website gb esl assignment writing sites gb cheap creative essay ghostwriter websites gb article ghostwriter site online best dissertation conclusion ghostwriting websites us top phd essay ghostwriter service for mba esl analysis essay writing service for school confucian virtues essay on nuclear energy cheap article writing websites gb papers writer service ca popular blog writers websites for mba popular content ghostwriters service au custom dissertation hypothesis ghostwriter sites for university cheap speech editing websites for phd best dissertation introduction ghostwriting site online popular cover letter ghostwriters websites for school tourism ghostwriter websites esl scholarship essay writers for hire ca popular home work editing services ca cheap analysis essay writers sites au custom research proposal ghostwriters services for school professional scholarship essay ghostwriting for hire for university popular letter ghostwriters for hire ca cheap cover letter writers services for school professional rhetorical analysis essay writers sites for college who wrote the chrysanthemums popular paper ghostwriters service for mba cheap thesis statement proofreading websites for university esl research proposal editor website for college cheap problem solving editor sites for masters pay to do cheap rhetorical analysis essay online pay to write life science creative writing professional school critical thinking sample curious incident quotes business essay proofreading site esl application letter editing services for mba custom thesis writer service usa scarlet letter able best personal statement editing service for masters bill belichick education top dissertation chapter proofreading website for phd texting and driving essays professional dissertation chapter writers sites online help me write custom cheap essay on founding fathers help me write remedial math thesis proposal pay to do professional analysis essay on presidential elections expository ghostwriter websites usa popular personal essay ghostwriting services online pay to write economics personal statement professional best essay editor sites gb help writing zoology article professional college admission paper topics cheap article review ghostwriting websites online popular letter editing service usa professional definition essay ghostwriters for hire usa scholarship essay editing service uk esl ghostwriting sites us custom home work writer sites for university write my best university essay on civil war cheap creative writing writing for hire for mba popular definition essay editor sites uk top school essay ghostwriting service for college popular reflective essay editor site for masters cheap dissertation chapter ghostwriter service for university type my religious studies dissertation chapter help with custom reflective essay on brexit best dissertation chapter editor services for university type my finance article kafka hero gregor popular dissertation hypothesis writers for hire for phd pay for science critical thinking cheap article review editor sites for masters professional case study writers website for mba cheap persuasive essay editing websites us popular mba definition essay assistance persuasive essay for phd resume writer for hire help writing film studies paper esl home work writer websites usa best thesis statement editing site usa world literature essay editor website custom essay writer services us pay to do professional thesis statement online the stronger strindberg popular letter editor sites for phd top thesis editor sites au joseph mccarthy biography best descriptive essay proofreading services online professional homework proofreading site uk best school dissertation methodology samples esl resume writing services for mba custom mba application letter sample cheap dissertation ghostwriting for hire gb paper writer sites ca cheap assignment editor site for university top rhetorical analysis essay ghostwriters websites uk best essays writers sites for phd popular expository essay writer service for school cheap custom essay writing for hire usa custom school essay writing websites for mba write my shakespeare studies literature review thesis statement ghostwriters sites us best expository essay proofreading services for masters best phd essay editing site us professional creative essay writer for hire ca popular essay writers site gb best dissertation hypothesis proofreading websites coleridge love poem cheap biography editing website top papers writing sites online best analysis essay writer site for university top best essay editor site for college cheap research proposal writing services for college mr. putnam top mba application letter help popular critical analysis essay editing service us best annotated bibliography ghostwriters site uk best creative writing ghostwriter site us esl thesis proposal proofreading for hire professional descriptive essay proofreading site online pay to get film studies dissertation abstract custom definition essay writing site for school cheap school admission paper topics university editor websites au compare and contrast buddhism and christianity help with my technology essays argumentative editing website online case study writer service gb esl phd essay proofreading sites for university custom dissertation editor site for masters best assignment editing sites online popular critical analysis essay ghostwriters sites usa masters essay on brexit the person i admire the most is my mother esl papers ghostwriting site for phd critical thinking ghostwriter websites online type my popular analysis essay on hillary francis bacon the four idols pay to get astronomy article theme of les miserables appearance is important best ghostwriters site gb esl bibliography ghostwriters site for phd best thesis statement editor services au custom creative essay ghostwriter service ca custom phd presentation topic professional application letter writing for hire help writing esl persuasive essay on donald trump masters essay writer website online best mba essay editor services ca cheap course work editor sites uk best speech ghostwriters service for mba custom dissertation results writers site usa pay to do calculus research proposal professional masters bibliography advice thesis proposal ghostwriters website usa papers ghostwriter services best definition essay writing for hire for university do my literature critical thinking cheap papers writing for hire online top thesis proposal writers site dissertation chapter examples when was a dream deferred written write math letter top presentation ghostwriters services uk esl masters letter sample popular essay editing services for phd research paper writing sites usa life science essay writers for hire cheap essays ghostwriters website uk professional research proposal ghostwriting service usa popular application letter writer services for masters example of interview essay esl case study writer services online esl cover letter editing websites for university top definition essay proofreading service gb help writing journalism book review top article review ghostwriting for hire for masters compare and contrast the crucible popular school essay ghostwriting website for mba top letter ghostwriters services for mba esl course work writers service for masters top home work ghostwriters for hire ca cheap report editing services au popular biography ghostwriters website for mba top annotated bibliography writing website for masters popular papers editing for hire au popular biography ghostwriter websites gb custom best essay writers sites for masters esl admission paper editor service for school esl dissertation ghostwriters service for university 74 gangster disciples knowledge dissertation introduction ghostwriting services uk popular papers writer sites help with my engineering personal statement esl dissertation proposal writing sites online write human resource management dissertation hypothesis professional papers ghostwriter services us cheap dissertation hypothesis editing services online type my professional argumentative essay on donald trump esl descriptive essay proofreading websites for mba nursing proofreading website professional article writing services for university professional letter ghostwriting websites usa professional analysis essay ghostwriting website for college custom presentation writing for hire online top persuasive essay editing for hire for university cheap school essay writer website us do my esl thesis online top personal statement writer services for university anthropology marriage and divorce cheap creative writing ghostwriter sites usa popular letter editing website for mba popular argumentative essay writer website for school popular homework ghostwriter websites uk custom best essay on pokemon go custom dissertation conclusion writers service for mba cheap school thesis statement assistance esl dissertation editor site for university best essays ghostwriter services for phd popular creative essay editor websites for phd buy professional descriptive essay on lincoln scholarship essay writers service uk esl persuasive essay ghostwriter service for university cheap personal statement editor sites for mba popular thesis proposal editing sites usa cheap term paper writers services au popular persuasive essay writing sites for masters pay to get english as second language assignment top dissertation ghostwriters service us advice for speech best book review writer for hire order environmental studies dissertation marriage is a private affair chinua achebe cheap biography proofreading sites popular dissertation ghostwriter site us house of spirits characters custom dissertation conclusion proofreading service gb esl masters essay editing sites for phd cheap article ghostwriter site gb professional article ghostwriting site gb do my mathematics bibliography popular college creative writing examples type my remedial math essay nextcard inc case study write me astronomy homework thesis proposal ghostwriter websites au esl persuasive essay proofreading service for masters cheap dissertation chapter ghostwriter service gb popular dissertation hypothesis writer sites usa popular analysis essay writing websites custom personal statement ghostwriter for hire top dissertation proposal writer for hire for phd custom dissertation chapter ghostwriters website uk help with earth science speech pay for my best school essay professional persuasive essay editing website top thesis ghostwriter websites for mba cheap rhetorical analysis essay ghostwriters site best homework writing services gb help with astronomy curriculum vitae professional university essay ghostwriter sites for university assignment ghostwriters site pay to write world affairs essays top personal essay proofreading site online pay for my economics cover letter popular essays writer sites for phd help writing shakespeare studies admission essay buy world affairs research paper narcissism greek mythology professional mba essay writers website uk custom movie review editor sites ca critical essay editor site gb esl papers editing website for phd cheap blog post proofreading websites for college top definition essay ghostwriters sites for college custom dissertation hypothesis ghostwriter websites online professional creative essay ghostwriters websites for school cheap dissertation hypothesis editor service botany essay topic help me write engineering assignment write me remedial math curriculum vitae scholarship writing service gb best course work writers sites esl paper proofreading website for mba esl admission paper ghostwriters for hire ca professional dissertation proposal writers websites uk article ghostwriter websites online papers writers website ca professional phd essay ghostwriters websites online custom dissertation proposal ghostwriters websites ca help me write cheap best essay on shakespeare cheap mba essay ghostwriting sites au top assignment writers service gb top thesis statement editor services us popular blog post editor service for phd cheap persuasive essay ghostwriters services professional resume ghostwriting sites gb paper ghostwriter for hire ca popular content proofreading service usa professional university application letter assistance pay for u.s. history and government curriculum vitae top school essay ghostwriting website for mba top dissertation proposal writers sites ca guns on campus essay geometry essay ghostwriters site esl phd essay writing services usa custom admission essay writers site for masters professional critical analysis essay writer site for masters best blog post ghostwriting site usa cheap personal essay writers services uk top dissertation methodology writing for hire uk custom phd essay editing site au top phd essay editor services for college best best essay writers website gb pay to get management dissertation proposal best essay writers websites for masters help me write best expository essay on hacking top resume ghostwriting site for phd popular creative writing editing services for masters esl dissertation results writer for hire for college professional speech ghostwriter for hire for mba creative writing writer website us top blog post ghostwriting sites uk popular school letter best critical thinking writers for hire uk rhetorical analysis essay editing sites uk popular course work ghostwriting websites for school custom literature review ghostwriter services for masters advancements in computer technology popular school essay editing for hire for college help writing ancient civilizations dissertation proposal best critical thinking writer site ca composition essay editor for hire type my esl critical analysis essay on brexit college writer service uk custom business plan writing sites gb popular book review editor website for school best cheap essay ghostwriters site ca custom university essay writers websites for school help me write top argumentative essay on usa popular course work editor site gb esl reflective essay ghostwriting service ca blog post ghostwriters service au custom editing services custom case study writer services for mba pay to do technology article professional masters essay writing service uk top college dissertation examples cheap presentation ghostwriters services uk esl research proposal ghostwriter for hire gb top business plan ghostwriting services for mba esl university book review sample cheap dissertation results writing services au top ghostwriting website gb letter ghostwriter sites us custom scholarship essay proofreading for hire for mba professional personal essay ghostwriting websites usa report ghostwriters services gb best application letter proofreading website uk custom dissertation results ghostwriting websites au phd essay on astronomy career research paper sample cheap rhetorical analysis essay ghostwriting site uk esl paper ghostwriting for hire online pay for rhetorical analysis essay cheap academic essay ghostwriting website for mba pay for my ancient civilizations personal statement professional cheap essay on usa cheap case study ghostwriters site for university popular phd literature review advice custom cover letter writer site for phd cheap writer websites for masters cheap cover letter ghostwriters websites ca cheap application letter writers for hire gb top research paper writer for hire uk essay about education best term paper editing website for university cheap dissertation writer websites usa best college essay editing sites usa top university academic essay example professional dissertation methodology editing websites for phd top presentation ghostwriting services usa pay for top rhetorical analysis essay on lincoln professional dissertation editor website online help with my speech research paper cheap report ghostwriters service us welfare research paper best article review ghostwriting website au top home work writers site gb type my top thesis statement online cheap problem solving ghostwriters sites gb popular literature review proofreading service for phd cheap thesis statement ghostwriter site for university best speech editing website for masters esl dissertation introduction ghostwriters sites gb popular cv ghostwriters website for masters do my cheap cheap essay on hacking custom expository essay editor websites gb problem solving writers service gb top personal statement writers websites us lower level employees canterbury tales parson top expository essay ghostwriter website au professional analysis essay writers sites for school i would like to go to the conch lord of the flies professional masters college essay sample esl critical thinking writer website for university custom writer websites ca cheap masters essay editing site au pay to do reflective essay on hillary esl expository essay ghostwriter services for masters popular expository essay ghostwriter for hire for college case study ghostwriting sites gb cheap homework writing site au cheap article review writing service usa professional university bibliography example pay for my popular paper popular definition essay ghostwriters websites for school cheap dissertation conclusion proofreading website au popular scholarship essay writing sites gb pay for esl critical essay on hacking top dissertation proposal editing for hire ca write my sociology thesis statement top dissertation chapter proofreading website best literature review editor websites uk top critical analysis essay writers for hire gb
To Top